The knee includes four important ligaments, all four which connect the femur to the tibia: The anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament provide front and back again and rotational stability to the knee. The medial collateral ligament and lateral collateral ligament located along the internal and external sides of the knee offer medial and lateral balance to the knee. Tendons Tendons are fibrous bands related to ligaments.Negative and positive predictive values had been 32 % and 92 %, respectively. Individuals with the ‘high-risk’ 200-gene profile, may actually significantly benefit from systemic adjuvant therapy, in comparison to those with the same genomic profile who did not receive treatment. Currently, ChipDX is making the 200-gene signature designed for research use only through its on-line gene expression analysis platform at and is reviewing regulatory requirements and companions to market it as a test for potential diagnostic use. The company also lately developed ColonGeneDX, a test for predicting survival and recurrence in patients with colon cancer. Earlier animal studies had suggested that nicotine reduces the amount of these plaques; however, this possible advantage is usually outweighed by the increase in tangles.