Almost half of all patients identified as having type 2 diabetes – 48.3 % – do not have their disease managed through a mixture of diet adequately, physical medication and activity. Individuals with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes face increased threat of complications such as cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure and stroke; harm to the nerves, eyes and kidneys; and amputation of the fingers, limbs or toes. CDC estimates the U.S. Spent $116 billion in 2007 for immediate medical services to treat diagnosed situations of diabetes and $58 billion in indirect costs such as for example disability and lost function period.David Tomasko Engineers here used compressed carbon dioxide to push chemicals into a plastic that’s often used as a bone replacing. Supercritical fluids are often used in industry because they penetrate components just like a gas but can dissolve some chemicals – – such as for example grease – – and other chemicals such as a liquid. For the next step in this research, the engineers will be working with biodegradable plastics and determine if the medicine remains effective after getting embedded with the supercritical liquid. The study also revealed that engineers can control the pressure of the CO2 to improve the internal structure of the plastic and create voids that may enable the material to hold larger levels of medicine than might normally be possible.